How to Install Tomcat 8 and 9 on Ubuntu 17.04 17.10 18.04

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Installation of Tomcat is pretty easy on Linux servers.

Step 1 : Download the Tomcat Binary from its official site using the following command.

 

wget http://www-us.apache.org/dist/tomcat/tomcat-8/v8.5.24/bin/apache-tomcat-8.5.24.tar.gz

 

Step 2 : Extract the files .

tar -xzvf apache-tomcat-8.5.24.tar.gz

 

Step 3 : Create a folder for tomcat under “/opt/tomcat” and move the files from the extracted folder to new location

 

root@server:~/new# mkdir /opt/tomcat
root@server:~/new# mv apache-tomcat-8.5.24 /opt/tomcat/
root@server:~/new# ls /opt/tomcat/
apache-tomcat-8.5.24
root@server:~/new#

 

Step 4 : If Java is not installed already then please install the latest version using the following command.

 

apt-get install openjdk-8jdk

 

root@server:~/new# java -version
openjdk version “1.8.0_151”
OpenJDK Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_151-8u151-b12-0ubuntu0.17.04.2-b12)
OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM (build 25.151-b12, mixed mode)
root@server:~/new#

 

Step 6 : Export the variables JAVA_HOME and CATALINA_HOME to system.

 

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64
export CATALINA_HOME=/opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24

 

Step 7  : Start Tomcat using the startup script.

 

 

root@server:~/new# sh /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/startup.sh
Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
Tomcat started.
root@server:~/new#

 

Step 8 : Now you can access tomcat using the IP address “http://127.0.0.1:8080”

 

Additional Points :

To stop tomcat  :

root@server:~/new# sh /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/shutdown.sh
Using CATALINA_BASE: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24
Using CATALINA_HOME: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24
Using CATALINA_TMPDIR: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/temp
Using JRE_HOME: /usr/lib/jvm/java-8-openjdk-amd64
Using CLASSPATH: /opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/bootstrap.jar:/opt/tomcat/apache-tomcat-8.5.24/bin/tomcat-juli.jar
root@server:~/new#

 

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